Re-thinking Sex and the Role of Religion

The relationship between sex and religion has been a topic of exploration and debate for centuries.

The purpose of this blog is to examine this complex relationship and to explore how changes in attitudes to sexuality and gender are impacting religious tradition in the modern world.

To begin, it is important to define both ‘sex’ and ‘religion.’

Sex is broadly defined as physical intimacy between two or more persons, while religion is a system of beliefs and practices centred around the worship and service of a higher power.

The Role of Religion in History and Current Society

Religion has been an integral part of many cultures throughout history and continues to shape society today.

In the past, religious beliefs and practices have been used to regulate and control sexual activities, often by punishing those who engage in activities deemed unacceptable.

Religion has also been used as a means of explaining or justifying a particular worldview, with different religious texts providing different interpretations of sexual behaviour.

For example, in Judeo-Christian tradition, sex is seen as something to be enjoyed within the bounds of marriage, while in some Eastern religions, sex is seen as a spiritual practice.

Re-Thinking Sex

In recent years, attitudes to sex and sexuality have changed dramatically, with a growing acceptance of LGBT+ rights, and an increasing recognition of the importance of consent in sexual encounters.

This has led to a rethinking of the role of sex in society, with an emphasis on pleasure and exploration rather than punishment and control.

Emerging Trends in Sexuality and Gender

As attitudes to sex and gender become more relaxed, we are seeing a number of emerging trends in terms of sexual identity.

People are increasingly comfortable with exploring their own sexuality, without the imposition of traditional gender roles.

This has led to a rise in non-binary identities, with people feeling more comfortable expressing themselves in ways which do not conform to traditional gender roles.

The Impact of Changing Attitudes on Religion

As attitudes to sex and gender change, religious traditions are also being re-examined.

In some cases, religious institutions are beginning to embrace new attitudes, with progressive branches of faith beginning to accept and even celebrate LGBT+ relationships.

However, in other cases, there is a reluctance to accept changing views on sexuality, and this has led to a clash between modern and traditional values.

The Role of Religion

Historical Perspectives on Religion and Sex

In the past, religion has been used to regulate and control sexual behaviour, often in a very restrictive way. This has resulted in a number of taboos and prohibitions, which have often been based on religious beliefs and practices.

For example, many religions have prohibited pre-marital sex and homosexual relationships, while some have even gone as far as to impose punishments such as stoning and corporal punishment on those who break these taboos.

Contemporary Views on Religion and Sex

In recent years, some religious institutions have begun to relax their views on sex, although there is still a great deal of variation between different faiths.

For example, while some branches of Judaism and Christianity have begun to accept LGBT+ relationships, there are still many religious institutions which refuse to do so.

The Impact of Religion on Sexual Behavior

Religion can still have a great influence on the way people think about and behave when it comes to sex.

This is particularly true in areas where religious beliefs are still very strong, such as in some parts of the Middle East and Africa.

In these regions, people may still adhere to traditional taboos and rules regarding pre-marital sex, homosexuality and other forms of sexual behaviour.


In conclusion, it is clear that the relationship between sex and religion is complex.

While attitudes to sex and gender are becoming increasingly liberal in some parts of the world, in other areas religious beliefs and practices are still very influential in terms of regulating sexual behaviour.

It is therefore important to recognise the role of religion in shaping attitudes to sex and to explore the implications of changing attitudes for religious communities.


Ellen T. East
Ellen T. East
Ellen is a UK-based Licensed Mental Health Counselor specializing in sex therapy with over 15 years of experience. She empowers clients to make decisions that are right for them through a client-centered approach.

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